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益阳市高三9月调研考试

时间2019-05-18 来源:千柏文学网

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  英 语

  注意事项:

  l、时量为120分钟,满分为150分。

  2、本试卷分第1卷(选择题)和第1I卷(非选择题)两部分。答题前请把姓名、

  准考证号填写在答卷和试题卷上。

  3、回答第1卷时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂

  黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号。回答第II卷时,将答案写在答

  题卡相应处。所有答案写在本试卷上无效。

  4、考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

  第1卷 选择题

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选

  出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。

  每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. What will the woman do?

  A. Go shopping. B. Attend a meeting

  2. How much do the speakers still need?

  3. Why does the woman suggest the Mexican place?

  A. It has been there for ages. B. A friend recommended it

  4. Where does the conversation most likely happen?

  A. At a barber shop. B. At a bookshop.

  5. What does the man say about the woman?

  A. She is normal. B. She needs a new phone.

  C. Go to the bank

  C. She went there yesterday

  C. At a dress shop

  C. She should get some help

  笫二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C

  三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5

  秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。

  6. What will the man do next week?

  A. Write a long essay. B.Practise free writing. C.Take a school trip.

  7. How will the man do his homework?

  A. By thinking very hard.

  B. By writing down whatever comes to mind.

  C. By writing about many different topics.

  听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

  8. When does Charlie need to finish photocopying the report?

  A. In about an hour. B.By 11:00 this mornmg.

  9. Where does Jenny's boyfriend live?

  A. In France. B.In Spain.

  10. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A. Husband and wife. B.Teacher and student.

  听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

  C. This afternoon

  C.In Italy

  C. Boss and secretary

  11. Where does the conversation take place?

  A. At a garage B. At a parking lot. C. At a store that sells cars

  12. How many people are there in the woman's family in total?

  A. Four. B. Five. C. Six.

  13. What will the woman probably do next?

  A. Drive a small car. B. Drive a yellow car. C. Call her husband.

  14. What did the woman study in college?

  A. Art. B. Writing. C. Advertising

  15. Who put pictures in the woman's first book?

  A. Her best friend. B. Her husband. C. Her neighbor.

  16. How many books have been published in total according to the woman?

  A. Three. B. Four. C. Eight.

  17. Why is the man interviewing the woman?

  A. For ajob. B. For his school newspaper. C. For a class assignment.

  18. Why are more mothers going to work outside the home?

  A. They are bored at home.

  B. Their living costs have increased.

  C. Their children are old enough.

  19. What's the benefit of the role change?

  A. The family gets to eat dinner outside.

  B. Mothers can return home before their children.

  C. They can save money for the children's school fees.

  20. How do the children often feel according to the speaker?

  A. Lonely. B. Pressured. C. Happy

  第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  ◆The Necomimi

  This is basically a pair of brain-controlled cat ears that allows users to express emotional states: relaxed, mild interest, strong interest and focus. This is made possible by a built-in machine that reads and translates emotions. It's a kind of technology that can also be useful for athletes to determine the best state for performance. The Necomimi can be bought for $49 through maker Neurosky's website.

  ◆The ostrich pillow

  There are times when you're so tired that nothing is better than taking a short sleep.Whether it's being stuck at the office or on a long bus ride or at the library, the pillow is designed to put the wearer in soft supportive cushioning in any resting position. Thestrange-looking pillow has a hole in which to put your head, and a mouth hole designed to allow its wearer to breathe easily. It also has two side holes where you can store your hands.It is now being sold online for $99.今The Hovding bike helmet

  The Hovding allows riders to get around easily. It's actually an airbag system that'swom around the neck, working only when there's a sudden shake or the unlikely event thatmay get you knocked off your bike. After winning the world's most famous design prize, thecreators are developing a new and better model. Now the first-generation helmet is being soldat various sporting shops throughout Europe for about $500.令The treadmill desk

  The treadmill desk on sale is the perfect solution for our increasing sedentary(久坐不动的) lifestyles. Recently a study found those who spent three hours a day on a treadmill deskbecame healthier. Still, it shouldn't be treated as a卫an for not getting enough exercise.

  Another study suggests that meeting the recommended amount of phsical activity requires more exercises than walking. It's also recommended that treadmill speeds should be limited to around 2 miles per hour or less to make sure they can be used safely while working.

  21. When a runner wears the Necomimi, it can help

  A. show how he or she is feeling B. protect him or her from injuries

  C. improve his or her running speed

  22. What do we know about the Hovding bike

  A. It can work at users ' request.

  C. It is being improved now.

  23. The underlined part "a panacea" in the last

  A. a huge success

  C. a small risk

  D. keep him or her in good condition

  helmet?

  B. It is designed for athletes.

  D. It is put on the wearer's shoulders

  paragraph probably means

  B. a perfect solution

  D. a big trouble

  B

  There was trouble from the start when the young American composer Daniel Gregory

  Mason came to Boston to interview the great pianist and composer Ignacio Jan Paderewski.

  Because of a misunderstanding Mason was two and a half hours late for his meeting

  with the great pianist. Mason was waiting at the gate of the hotel while Paderewski was upstairs, getting more and more annoyed by Mason's delay.

  Finally Mason went up to see Paderewski and found him friendly enough, but

  Paderewski's wife was cold and distant. Mason felt embarrassed. He complimented

  Paderewsk北京癫痫手术费用贵吗i with great honor on his "Variations and Fugue on an Original Theme." Then he added, "You don't think that's empty flattery because l'II tell you frankly that I do not care so much for some of your early pieces."

  Paderewski's wife gave Mason a stony look and said, "What pieces? What do you not care for?" Mason got in deeper, "Well, for example, I do not care so much for 'Piano Concerto in A Minor (a水调钢琴协奏曲 ) ' ." Her gaze was steady, "The concerto is one of my favorites among my husband's compositions. I love it very much."

  Bravely, Mason complimented Paderewski's use of French impressiomsm. Now

  Paderewski himself spoke, "I completely refuse to accept any use of French impressionism. I do not believe in the modern French school, because it is not founded in tradition. It is very trange and unusual."

  At last Mason ventured to show Paderewski a movement of his new violin sonata(责鸣曲 ). Paderewski shook hands with him about eight times as he read through the sonata,singing the melody and exclaiming "beautifull" Finally, with his music, Daniel GregoryMason won over the master.

  24. Why did Paderewski get angry?

  A. Because the hotel service was very bad.

  B. Because Mason forgot the meeting place.

  C. Because Mason was late for the meeting.

  D. Because he was unwilling to meet Mason

  25. What was the Paderewski's attitude toward French impressionism?

  A. Worry.

  B. Unconcern.

  C. Approval.

  D. Disapproval.

  26. Mason gained Paderewski's special respect in the end because of

  A. his musical talent

  B. his sweet talk

  C. his mental endurance

  D. his frank criticism

  27. What would be the best title for the text?

  A. Arguing with the master

  C. Criticizing great pieces

  B. Winning over the master

  D. Talking about writing styles

  C

  Dancing antelopes【羚羊)

  Long ago many African people did not write down their histories. They remembered

  things from the past by singing songs, dancing, acting, and telling stories - and by making works of art.

  In Mali, a group of people called the Bamana believed that long ago, a special being called Chiwara used magical powers to teach the people to farm. To remember their ancestors

  and to honor the powers of Chiwara, Bamana artists carved tall wooden figures shaped like antelopes, designed to be worn on top of the head. During planting and harvest festivals,young men hid their bodies under costumes, wore these tall headdresses, and performed a dance like leaping antelopes. The dance told the story of Chiwara.

  Bamana artists didn't try to make their sculptures look exactly like real antelopes.Instead, they suggested the shape of the antelope's body with big, thick curves.

  Sculptures in clay and bronze

  The Yoruba people of West Africa lived in the city of Ife. From about A.D. 1000 t0 1500,artists in Ife carved beautiful sculptures.

  Ife sculptures are made of brass (a metal) and terra cotta (red clay baked in a hot fire).Ife sculptors made sculptures that looked like real people, with delicate features, serious expressions, and eyes that stare straight ahead.

  To make this brass head, the sculptor first shaped the head, using a mixture of sand and clay. He covered it with a thin layer of beeswax【蜂蜡). Next, using a knife made of bone, he carved the details of the face into the beeswax, then covered it all with a thin layer of clay.

  When he put the sculpture on a hot fire, what do you think happened? The beeswax melted

  and flowed away, leaving a thin hollow space between two face-shaped shells of clay. Thesculptor then poured hot melted brass into the space. After the brass cooled, he broke the clay shells. What remained was this brass sculpture.

  28. According to the text, ancient African people made artworks to

  A. decorate their homes B. celebrate festivals

  C. record their histories

  D. entertain themselves

  29. How did the Bamana remember Chiwara?

  A. They were dressed as Chiwara.

  B. They made costumes in the way Chiwara had taught them.

  C. They passed the story of Chiwara down to each new generation.

  D. They danced wearing antelope headdresses.

  30. The last paragraph is mainly about

  A. the process of making the sculptures B. the materials used to make the sculptures

  C. the principle of making the sculptures D. the tools used to make the sculptures

  31. What do Mali and Ife sculptures have in common?

  A. Both of them are shaped with big, thick curves.

  B. Both of them are examples ofAfrican art.

  C. Both of them can be worn by people.

  D. Both of them represent real beings.

  D

  Citizen science projects are designed to get the average observer involved in the worldaround them. But what if it could help students discover new interests, narrow down theirfocus in school, and ~ perhaps most importantly - set them apart in the universitypplication process? University professors believe this is exactly what they can do. These projects ask networks of non-scientific volunteers - also known as

  crowdsourcing - to examine scientific questions, collect information and create databasesto help researchers make unusual and important discoveries that may be too challenging tocomplete alone.

  "I work a lot on endangered species - and they're very difficult to study because asyou can imagine, they're rare and you're going to come across them infrequently," says Mark Poesch, a professor at the University of Alberta's department of renewable resources.

  His citizen science project, the Report-a-Fish tool, allows people to upload to hiswebsite a photograph of a fish they've seen or caught. Dr. Poesch can then use this tool to create a more extensive database about the locations of various fish species and determine a

  more accurate picture of their numbers. "By crowdsourcing, we can get a better sense of where these fish are in particular," he says.

  These projects are open to anyone, as the aim is to ';break down the model of the ivorytower," Poesch says. But students may get more out of the experience than they realize at first because it's this type of hands-on learning experience that allows these students to stand

  out in the competitive university application process. "We want students to come in with some kind of on-the-ground knowledge and this is one opportunity for them to gain that knowledge," Poesch says.

  "Once you hit university, there're lots of opportunities that come your way, but for a high school student it's better to get in early," Poesch says. "It's a very c金华癫痫病治好要多少钱ompetitive atmosphere now, and so anything they could put on their application that would tell esearchers that虫星Y are really involved will help them."

  32. What is one of Mark Poesch's difficulties in his study on endangered species?

  A. It is dangerous to study them.

  C. Scientists know very little about them

  B. It is difficult to find them

  D. Most collected data are imagined

  33. The Report-a-Fish tool is aimed at

  A. studying the senses of fish

  C. collecting information about fish

  B. drawing better pictures of fish

  D. helping people catch more fishparagraph refers to

  34. The underlined word "they" in the last

  A. university students B. researchers

  D. high school students

  C. educators

  .

  35. High school students who have done crowdsourcing

  A. know more about the university application process

  B. tend to have more job opportunities

  C. are more likely to be admitted into universities

  D. may have more knowledge about universities

  第工工卷非选择题

  第三部分语音知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节:(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  笫四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中

  共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(n)并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  益阳市2017 届高三9 月调研考试

  英语参考答案

  1-5 BABCC 6-10 ABBCC 11-15 CBCBA 16-20 CBBCA

  21-23ACB 24-27 CDAB 28-31 CDAB 32-35 BCDC 36-40 FGCBD

  41-45 CBADC 46-50 CBBDA 51-55 CDABC 56-60 ABDDB

  61. beneficial 62. has shown 63. less 64. to reduce 65. breaths

  66. apology 67. who/ that 68. a 69. accepting 70. from

  短文改错

  Last winter, I went skiing in Switzerland. One day, I was skiing down a mountain while I saw a girl

  when

  aged about 15 who had fallen. She was clearly hurt, crying and trying∧get up, and she couldn’t. So I flagged

  to but

  down someone to get the ski patrol and stayed with her, talking about her. It was getting extreme cold. About half

  with/ to extremely

  an hour late, the ski patrol showed up and took him down the mountain. I stayed with her because she was so

  later her

  scaring. She kept saying, “I think there might be something wrong.” I said, “I’ll make sure of that you get the care

  scared 去掉

  you need.” Finally the ambulance come and took her to the nearest hospital. I was very happy that day because my

  came

  presence and assistance were significant to someone in need.

  书面表达:参考范文

  The city library is recruiting (招募) volunteers among high school students who are supposed

  to work on weekends.

  Those who take an interest are expected to be patient, enthusiastic and responsible high school

  students in our city. It is required that you should spend at least two hours every weekend working

  in the library.

  Tasks for a volunteer include sorting out books, helping readers to borrow or return books and

  doing some cleaning work. It is also your duty to remind readers to keep quiet in reading rooms and

  put books in place after reading.

  If you’d like to join us, you’d better fill in the application form online and email it to

  citylibrary@126.com before next Saturday. The application form can be downloaded from the

  library website. We are looking forward to your participation.

  第二部分:阅读理解

  第一节

  A篇

  【语篇导读】本文介绍三种产品的好处、用法、售价等情况。

  21.

  【分值】2

  【答案】A

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据“ It's a kind of technology that can also be useful for athletes to determine the best state for performance. ”可知,这对于运动员来说是一种有用的科技,可以判定最佳的表现状态,故选A。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  22.

  【分值】2

  【答案】C

  【【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据“After winning the world's most famous design prize, the creators are developing a new and better model.”可知,获得世界最有名的奖项后,创造者有致力于更新更好模型的发展,故选C。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  23.

  【分值】2

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。

  【易错点】把握不住相关要点。

  【解题思路】推理判断题。根据“ Recently a study found those who spent three hours a day on a treadmill desk became healthier.”可知,最近的研究发现一天用三个小时跑步桌的人变得更加健康,那么接下来就说“但这并不能作为不做足够锻炼的一个万能药”,故选B。

  【解析】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。句意:但这并不能作为不做足够锻炼的一个万能药。A一次巨大的成功B一个完美的解决办法C一次小冒险D一个大麻烦,故选B。

  B篇

  【语篇导读】本文讲述两位作曲家之间的故事,Mason因为迟到让大师生气,然后批判大师作品,最后用自己的音乐才华赢得大师认可。

  24.

  【分值】2

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据第二段“ Because of a misunderstanding Mason was two and a half hours late for his meeting with the great pianist. ...getting more and more annoyed by Mason's delay.”可知,因为误会Mason迟到会议两个半小时,Paderewski为此很生气,故选C。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  25.

  【分值】2

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。

  【易错点】把握不住相关要点。

  【解题思路】推理判断题。根据“I completely refuse to accept any use of French impressionism.”可知,Paderewski对印象派的态度是拒绝接受,是反对的,故选D。

  【解析】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。A担忧B不确定C赞成D反对,故选D。

  26.

  【分值】2

  【答案】A

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据“ Finally, with his music, Daniel Gregory Mason won over the master.”可知,Mason用他的音乐赢得了大师的认可,故选A。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  27.

  【分值】2

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。

  【易错点】把握不住相关要点。

  【解题思路】推理判断题。联系全文,首先是因为迟到而惹大师生气,然后文章大部分内容都是Mason对大师作品的批判,最后用自己的音乐才华获得认同,故选B。

  【解析】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。A和大师争论B批判伟大作品C赢得大师认同D讨论写作风格,故选B。

  C篇

  【语篇导读】本文讲述很久以前非洲人用雕塑记录历史,首先讲Mali的羚羊雕塑,然后讲Ife人制作雕塑。

  28.

  【分值】2

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据第一段可知,非洲人做的艺术品是对历史的一种记录,故选C。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  29.

  【分值】2

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据“ During planting and harvest festivals, young men hid their bodies under costumes, wore these tall headdresses, and performed a dance like leaping antelopes. The dance told the story of Chiwara.”可知,人们通过跳舞来纪念Chiwara,故选D。

  【解析】确定治疗癫痫病正规医院题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  30.

  【分值】2

  【答案】A

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据最后一段,我们了解到Ife制作雕塑的过程,故选A。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  31.

  【分值】2

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。

  【易错点】把握不住相关要点。

  【解题思路】推理判断题。联系全文,用排除法:A两者都有很大很厚的曲线B两者都是非洲艺术的样品C两者都能被人穿戴D两者都代表真的人类,ACD均不符文意,故选B。

  【解析】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。A只适合羚羊雕塑C只适合羚羊雕塑D只适合Ife雕塑,故选B。

  D篇

  【语篇导读】本文讲述众包方式既可以帮助收集信息做研究,还可以帮助学生获得实践经验从而在大学申请机制中大有益处。

  32.

  【分值】2

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据“ I work a lot on endangered species - and they're very difficult to study because as you can imagine, they're rare and you're going to come across them infrequently.”可知,困难之一就是濒危物种稀有并不能经常遇见他们,故选B。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  33.

  【分值】2

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生提取细节能力。

  【易错点】把握不住细节信息。

  【解题思路】事实细节题,直接信息理解题。根据“ ...collect information and create databasesto help researchers make unusual and important discoveries that may be too challenging tocomplete alone.”和“ Dr. Poesch can then use this tool to create a more extensive database about the locations of various fish species and determine a more accurate picture of their numbers.”可知,这种方法可以创造出一个更加广阔的数据库,其目的就是为了收集信息,故选C。

  【解析】确定题目关键词,在文章中找到对应部分,回到题目逐一对照。

  34.

  【分值】2

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。

  【易错点】把握不住相关要点。

  【解题思路】推理判断题。联系上下文,最后一句意为:“...所以任何可以告诉研究者他们真的参与其中让申请增色的东西都可以帮助他们”,再联系前文提到高中生最好早些参与其中,故选D。

  【解析】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。A大学学生B研究者C者D高中学生,故选D。

  35.

  【分值】2

  【】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。

  【易错点】把握不住相关要点。

  【解题思路】推理判断题。从最后一段,我们可以看出参与其中的更可能被大学录取,故选C。

  【解析】本题考查了学生推理判断的能力。ABD均是与原文不符,故选C。

  第二节

  【语篇导读】本文讲述了如何为你的博客出谋划策。

  36.

  【分值】2

  【答案】F

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。

  【易错点】上下文没有弄明白。

  【解题思路】此题是注释性题。句意:“想出点子是你首先需要做的事情之一”,结合前文提到问题就是怎样想出点子来坚守你的博客,所以选择F选项。

  【解析】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。联系前后文,理解句意,选F。

  37.

  【分值】2

  【答案】G

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。

  【易错点】上下文没有弄明白。

  【解题思路】此题是注释性句子题。句意:“记住当你制作清单时没人会看,因此不用担心有什么不好或荒唐的主意”,所以选择G选项。

  【解析】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。联系前后文,理解句意,选G。

  38.

  【分值】2

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。

  【易错点】上下文没有弄明白。

  【解题思路】此题是注释性句子题。第三段最后一句提到所以要搜集关注点并写一篇博客去解决这些问题,这是该段的中心句,所以选择C选项。

  【解析】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。句意:“解决读者的问题”,选C。

  39.

  【分值】2

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。

  【易错点】上下文没有弄明白。

  【解题思路】此题是注释性句子题。句意:“然后你可以在你学习到的基础上写博客”,结合前文提到可以访问网上论坛关注人们感兴趣的话题,所以选择B选项。

  【解析】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。句意:“然后你可以在你学习到的基础上写博客”,结合前文提到可以访问网上论坛关注人们感兴趣的话题,选B。

  40.

  【分值】2

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。

  【易错点】上下文没有弄明白。

  【解题思路】此题是注释性句子题。句意:“对那本书你可以给出自己的观点,并且告诉读者怎样可以从阅读中获益”,结合前文提到可以评论那本书,所以选择D选项。

  【解析】本题考查了学生把握上下文逻辑意义的能力。句意:“对那本书你可以给出自己的观点,并且告诉读者怎样可以从阅读中获益”,结合前文提到可以评论那本书,选D。

  第三部分:语言知识运用

  【语篇导读】本文讲述作者在去接女儿的路上遇到一位母亲,并帮助了她,让作者感到很开心。

  41.

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:旅途很长,所以我在途中的小加油站停下来加满油。A寂寞的B紧张的C长的D短的。所以选择C选项。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择C选项。

  42.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:旅途很长,所以我在途中的小加油站停下来加满油。A警察B汽油C铁路D力量。所以选择B选项。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择B选项。

  43.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】A

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:我拉起泵 ……。A泵B轮子C货车D线条。所以选择A选项。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择A选项。

  44.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:加满我的油箱之后,我就进去付钱。A清理B固定C修理D装满。所以选择D。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择D。

  45.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:加满我的油箱之后,我就进去付钱。A做交易,讨价还价B保持C支付D使铃响。所以选择C。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择C。

  46.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:柜台边的那位母亲在她的钱包里搜寻。A角落B坑洼的地方C柜台D桌子。所以选择C。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择C。

  47.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:她给孩子们选了一些小零食。A饮品B零食C玩具D玩偶。所以选择B。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择B。

  48.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:看起来她数完了所有的硬币。A理解,辨认出B计数C扑灭D检查。所以选择B。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择B。

  49.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:然而,她还需要5美元去付钱。A除了B相反C因此D然而。所以选择 D。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择 D。

  50.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】A

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:她叹了口气,拿起零食放回架子上。A叹气B微笑C上升D说悄悄话。所以选择A。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择A。

  51.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:那位母亲转过身双眼湿润的看着我。A掉落B弯曲C转动,使改变方向D离开。所以选择C。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择C。

  52.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:突然她向前走来拥抱我。A离开,继续前进B后退C出发D向前走。所以选择D。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择D。

  53.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:我感到心间一股暖流,我确定已经到达我的双颊。A移动B飞行C走路D旅游。所以选择D。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择D。

  54.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:她微笑着,拿着零食匆忙出去。A...里面B...外面C家D...上面。所以选择B。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择B。

  55.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】C

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:我站在那里看着他们,直到消失在我的视线。A因为B当什么时候C直到...D...之后。所以选择C。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择C。

  56.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】A

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:然后我慢慢的走进阳光,感受到他们比我周围的空气还要轻。A慢的B定期的C仅仅,只不过D不断的。所以选择A。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择A。

  57.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了兰州有治疗癫痫病吗词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:然后我慢慢的走进阳光,感受到他们比我周围的空气还要轻。A更悲伤B更轻C更重D更简单。所以选择B。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择B。

  58.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:我知道我们携带这这些财富。A选择B记忆C秘密D财富。所以选择D。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择D。

  59.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】D

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:我们分享的爱,我们做的善事和我们给予他人的仁慈都是上帝的财富。A但是B所以C或者D和。所以选择D。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择D。

  60.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】B

  【考查方向】本题考查了词义辨析。

  【易错点】单词意思不明。

  【解题思路】此题是词义辨析题,句意为:但是他们也给了我们自己满足感和内心的平和。A行动B感觉C部分D定义。所以选择B。

  【解析】本题考查了词义辨析。根据词意,联系上下文,所以选择B。

  【语篇导读】本文讲述如何控制负面情绪。

  61.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】beneficial

  【考查方向】本题考查了形容词用法。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是形容词判断题,句意为:它对你的身心健康是有益的。此处需要形容词,确定答案beneficial。

  【解析】本题考查了形容词。此处需要形容词,确定答案beneficial。

  62.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】has shown

  【考查方向】本题考查了时态。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是时态判断题,句意为:到目前为止,研究显示能够原谅他人的人...。句中出现so far,那么一般用现在完成时,确定答案has shown。

  【解析】本题考查了时态。句子中出现so far,那么一般用现在完成时,确定答案has shown。

  63.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】less

  【考查方向】本题考查了比较级。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是比较级判断题,句意为:总之,他们倾向于表现出更少的怒气和更多的希望。这里需要little的比较级,确定答案less。

  【解析】本题考查了比较级。这里需要little的比较级,确定答案less。

  64.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】to reduce

  【考查方向】本题考查了不定式。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是不定式判断题,句意为:它让他们减少疲劳……变得可能。Make it +形容词+for sb +to do,可作固定搭配。确定答案to reduce。

  【解析】本题考查了不定式。Make it +形容词+for sb +to do,可作固定搭配。确定答案to reduce。

  65.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】breaths

  【考查方向】本题考查了名词复数。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是名词复数判断题,句意为:做几次深呼吸然后想想让你开心的事。句中出现a couple of,说明应该用名词复数形式,确定答案breaths。

  【解析】本题考查了名词复数。句中出现a couple of,说明应该用名词复数形式,确定答案breaths。

  66.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】apology

  【考查方向】本题考查了名词。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是名词判断题,句意为:不要等待道歉。此处需要名词,确定答案apology。

  【解析】本题考查了名词。此处需要名词,确定答案apology。

  67.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】who/that

  【考查方向】本题考查了定语从句引导词。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是从句引导词判断题,句意为:那个伤害你很多次的人可能永远不会想到道歉。此句是定语从句,person是先行词,表人,作主语,引导词既可用who也可用that,确定答案who/that。

  【解析】本题考查了定语从句引导词。此句是定语从句,person是先行词,表人,作主语,引导词既可用who也可用that,确定答案who/that。

  68.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】a

  【考查方向】本题考查了冠词用法。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是冠词判断题,句意为:所以如果你等待别人说道歉,你可能会等很长时间。空格后的单词是辅音开头,a very long time意为“一段很长的时间”,确定答案a。

  【解析】本题考查了冠词用法。空格后的单词是辅音开头,a very long time意为一段很长的时间,确定答案a。

  69.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】accepting

  【考查方向】本题考查了固定搭配。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是固定搭配题,句意为:...意味着接受打扰到你的那个人的行动。Mean doing sth意为“意味着做某事”,确定答案accepting。

  【解析】本题考查了固定搭配。Mean doing sth意为“意味着做某事”,确定答案accepting。

  70.

  【分值】1.5

  【答案】from

  【考查方向】本题考查了介词用法。

  【易错点】上下文意思不理解。

  【解题思路】此题是介词判断题,句意为:最后,尽力从他人的角度看问题。From意为“从...”,确定答案from。

  【解析】本题考查了介词。From意为“从...”,确定答案from。

  第四部分:写作

  第一节:改错

  Last winter, I went skiing in Switzerland. One day, I was skiing down a mountain while(when) I saw a girl

  aged about 15 who had fallen. She was clearly hurt, crying and trying∧(to)get up, and (but)she couldn’t. So I flagged down someone to get the ski patrol and stayed with her, talking about(with) her. It was getting extreme (extremely)cold. About half an hour late(later), the ski patrol showed up and took him(her) down the mountain. I stayed with her because she was so scaring(scared). She kept saying, “I think there might be something wrong.” I said, “I’ll make sure of(去掉) that you get the care you need.” Finally the ambulance come(came) and took her to the nearest hospital. I was very happy that day because my presence and assistance were significant to someone in need.

  【分值】10

  【考查方向】该题考查学生准确使用英语的综合能力。

  【易错点】代词、介词、形容词和副词的基本用法、非谓语动词、连词、动词时态语态、动词变形等。

  【解题思路】

  1、理顺文章脉络。文章大意:滑雪途中路遇倒在地上的女孩,然后我设法找到救援队把她送到医院,那天我非常开心。

  2、对照着考查方向逐句找错误。1)时间状语从句,be doing sth when...正在做某事突然...2)固定结构,try to do sth尽力做某事3)考查连词,表并列用and4)介词使用,talk with sb和某人谈论 5)副词使用,副词修饰形容词 6)段时+later,表示多久以后7)人称代词的一致性8)用-ed形式的形容词修饰人 9)make sure +that从句,make sure of表示查明弄清 10)时态的一致性。

  【解析】该题考查学生准确使用英语的综合能力。做题时候,学生首先需要理顺文章脉络,弄懂文章大意,其次,对照考查方向逐句分析找到错误并且准备修改。

  第二节:书面表达

  【分值】25

  【考查方向】本题考查了有关招募图书馆志愿者的相关知识点。

  【易错点】内容判断错误,这是一篇关于招募图书馆志愿者的文章,不要写不沾边的东西。

  【解题思路】

  这是一篇招募图书馆志愿者的文章。主要人称为第三人称,基本时态以一般现在时为主。

  一要注意文章的结构,首先说明招募需求,再说明志愿者的要求和职责,最后表达期望志愿者的加入;

  二要要注意文章的措辞,如be supposed to,take an interest,be expected to,It is required that,spend at least two hours every weekend working,If you’d like to join us,We are looking forward to your participation.

  等可以让文章更为得体流畅和贴切。

  【解析】这是一篇招募图书馆志愿者的文章,根据材料中提供的要点信息,可以分成四段来写。学生可联系生活常识适当发挥,合情合理即可。

  【参考】

  The city library is recruiting (招募) volunteers among high school students who are supposed

  to work on weekends.

  Those who take an interest are expected to be patient, enthusiastic and responsible high school

  students in our city. It is required that you should spend at least two hours every weekend working

  in the library.

  Tasks for a volunteer include sorting out books, helping readers to borrow or return books and

  doing some cleaning work. It is also your duty to remind readers to keep quiet in reading rooms and

  put books in place after reading.

  If you’d like to join us, you’d better fill in the application form online and email it to

  citylibrary@126.com before next Saturday. The application form can be downloaded from the

  library website. We are looking forward to your participation.

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